As the world’s transportation networks and supply chains become increasingly intertwined and complex, the systems that support them are improving and advancing at the same break-neck speed.
Last year, for example, we saw transportation management systems (TMS) make significant strides on the “end-to-end supply chain visibility” front—a Holy Grail that many shippers have been striving for since TMS was first introduced years ago. Software vendors across the board have been integrating more transportation optimization we saw more attention being paid to transportation execution management as shippers sought out new ways to tender and execute freight loads in the most optimized, efficient manner possible.
Will these TMS trends continue in 2017? And what new trends and opportunities will emerge over the next 12 months?
Trends that shippers should be watching:Software that offers better end-to-end supply chain visibility.
1.) Software that offers better end-to-end supply chain visibility.
For decades, shippers and vendors have envisioned a time when freight could be tracked on a 24/7/365, real-time basis as it moved around the globe. Whether the shipment was in a truck sitting out in yard, on a container ship on the way to the United States, or loaded up on a truck for a last-mile delivery, shippers would know where the goods are at any given time and be able to share that information with their customers and business partners.
2.) Higher TMS adoption among small- to mid-sized companies.
Historically, TMS adoption rates for smaller shippers has hovered in the 10% range, while about 25% of medium-sized firms and 50% of large organizations used the application to manage their freight activities.
These adoption rates are now rising thanks to the fact that most TMS is now available in the Cloud and on a subscription-based model. Recently, we’ve see some vendors reporting more than 20% growth for that market, increases to the fact that TMS is now within the grasp of much smaller shippers.
Other key drivers include higher transportation costs—mainly caused by driver shortages—and the ongoing need to be smarter about how you run your transportation. For their customers, shippers need to be able to provide more visibility tools and more analytical capabilities. These factors are also driving higher TMS adoption.
3.) The “Uberization of freight” drives shippers to invest in transportation execution management systems.
What happens when you take TMS, put it on steroids, and unleash it on today’s supply chains? You’d likely wind up with a transportation execution management system that’s able to orchestrate multi-party, multi-tier transportation activities across supply chain partners.
These systems also include rating, tendering, and real-time feedback/collaboration functionalities that allow shippers to optimize their transportation activities. In 2016, the Uberization of freight became a hot topic in the transportation execution space, saw over $1 billion in venture capital being poured into transportation execution solutions for the last mile, and several hundred million dollars into solutions for long-haul freight using the Uber model.
Such systems allow shippers to tender and execute freight moves using their smartphones, and then track the movement of that freight via a mobile device.
4.) The upper end of ROI is increasing for TMS
A survey of shippers six years ago to found out the typical return on investment was for a TMS investment, reduced overall freight spend by about 5% to 8%. The same companies said that their freight spend would increase from 5% to 10% or more if they were forced to give up their TMS and go back to more manual processes for planning and execution.
In most cases, those lower freight costs come as a result of better decision making (gathering data for better procurement engagements), process enforcement (helping to ensure that the best carriers on a lane are selected for specific moves), and optimization of transportation activities.
Fast forward to 2017, TMS has not only maintained its reputation for delivering on ROI expectations, but that those returns inched up a bit over the last six years. Today, most users experience about 5% to 10% freight cost reductions after implementing TMS, with the higher end of the scale increasing by at least two percentage points. The average savings didn’t change much, but the overall ROI did go up to 10%, with the number of companies reporting that they had freight savings of more than 10% jumping dramatically.
5.) Cloud comprises a larger and larger portion of the TMS market.
As one of the first supply chain applications to make its way into the Cloud, TMS continues to shift from being an on-premise/installed solution to a web-based platform where shippers, business partners, carriers, third-party logistics (3PL) providers, and even customers can access pertinent information via the web on a 24/7/365 basis in real-time.
The Cloud just naturally lends itself toward TMS, After all, most TMS-related data is outside of the four walls of the company anyway, so why constrain your system to just being inside the four walls?
Historically, a company with less than $100 million annual freight under management probably wouldn’t purchase such a solution, but thanks to the growth in multi-tenant, Cloud-based solutions, larger ERPs have been able to penetrate the market and serve a larger swath of smaller customers, many of which have just $15 million to $20 million in freight management.
Expect this momentum to continue through 2017 as more companies adopt Cloud solutions and as more vendors develop new—and hone existing—Cloud-based TMS solutions.
6.) The “indirect” approach to transportation management gains traction.
Transportation management solutions have been around for a while, but the most recent survey shows that just 35% of shippers are using these systems as part of their overall supply chain management strategies.
These adoption rates may seem low for a solution that’s been proven to reduce freight costs in the double digits, in some cases, but there could also be something else at work here. When we look at adoption, we don’t always factor in the number of shippers who use their 3PL’s technology solutions
By equipping themselves with state-of-the-art supply chain applications—and then offering them out as part of their overall logistics management packages—3PLs take the pressure off the shipper that needs better end-to-end supply chain visibility.
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